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Electricity/Plug-ins

Basics

  • Electricity can be used to power all-electric vehicles (EVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV).
  • Electricity is considered an alternative fuel under the Energy Policy Act of 1992.
  • Electricity can be produced from a variety of energy sources including; oil, coal, nuclear energy, water, natural gas, wind turbines and solar panels. Plug-in vehicles draw power from the electrical grid and store onboard rechargeable batteries. This stored power is used to power electric motors. All-electric vehicles produce no tailpipe emissions.

 Vehicles

  • Many major automakers are manufacturing electric vehicles-both EVs and PHEVs. Popular brands include Tesla and the Nissan Leaf.

Benefits

  • Plug-in electric vehicles can help increase energy security, improve fuel economy, lower fuel costs and reduce emissions. PHEVs and EVs can reduce users’ fuel costs dramatically because of the low cost of electricity relative to gasoline fuel prices. EVs and PHEVs have the benefit of flexible fueling as they can be charged anywhere there is a recharging station.

Disadvantages

  • An EV has a range of 60 to 200- miles depending on the make/model. Advancements in batteries for electric vehicles continue to improve and although the batteries are designed for extended life they will wear out eventually. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory indicates that today’s batteries may last 12 to 15 years in modern climates. 

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Centralina Council of Governments
9815 David Taylor Drive
Charlotte, NC 28262

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DOE Clean Cities
National Network